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South Sudan Accuses Khartoum of Air Attacks

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/24/world/africa/south-sudan-accuses-khartoum-of-air-attacks.html
April 23, 2012
South Sudan Accuses Khartoum of Air Attacks
By JOSH KRON [Sudan] [South Sudan] [North Africa; proximity to horn] [UN] [these problems date back a considerable time] [UN directly blames Khartoum for the trouble] [the separation of Sudan into North and South that occurred in Jan 2011 has now begun to crack up?] [suddenly, the Sudan-South Sudan conflict spiral seems to be quickening demonstrably] [followup] [*]
NAIROBI, Kenya — Sudan attacked South Sudan with warplanes and ground troops, only days after Sudan said its military had forced the south’s forces out of a contested oil-rich region, South Sudan said on Monday.
South Sudan said last week that it had withdrawn from the Heglig region in response to international pressure to stave off all-out war.
But an aerial bombardment and ground assault by Sudanese armed forces on Sunday and Monday past Heglig and into South Sudan, according to a South Sudanese official, indicated that fighting between the two nations may not be over, and echoed statements made by Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir last week that Khartoum would drive the “insects” from the south from power.

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/24/world/africa/south-sudan-accuses-khartoum-of-air-attacks.html
April 23, 2012
South Sudan Accuses Khartoum of Air Attacks
By JOSH KRON [Sudan] [South Sudan] [North Africa; proximity to horn] [UN] [these problems date back a considerable time] [UN directly blames Khartoum for the trouble] [the separation of Sudan into North and South that occurred in Jan 2011 has now begun to crack up?] [suddenly, the Sudan-South Sudan conflict spiral seems to be quickening demonstrably] [followup] [*]
NAIROBI, Kenya — Sudan attacked South Sudan with warplanes and ground troops, only days after Sudan said its military had forced the south’s forces out of a contested oil-rich region, South Sudan said on Monday.
South Sudan said last week that it had withdrawn from the Heglig region in response to international pressure to stave off all-out war.
But an aerial bombardment and ground assault by Sudanese armed forces on Sunday and Monday past Heglig and into South Sudan, according to a South Sudanese official, indicated that fighting between the two nations may not be over, and echoed statements made by Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir last week that Khartoum would drive the “insects” from the south from power.
President Bashir insisted that a military approach to the dispute was necessary, telling troops in Heglig on Monday that there would be no talks with the South Sudanese because they “do not understand anything but the language of the gun and ammunition,” news agencies reported.
A South Sudanese spokesman said Sudan had been bombing South Sudan, including the regional capital of Bentiu — a target of previous air assaults — and that South Sudan had repulsed Sudanese forces on the ground Sunday in the area of Tashwin.
A Sudanese government spokesman denied the attacks in South Sudan as “accusations” but said that Sudan’s army was mobilizing to fight South Sudanese troops he said were deployed around Heglig as well as in the rebellious regions of Sudan of the Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile, where Sudan has accused South Sudan of supporting insurgents.
The United States, the United Nations and the African Union all condemned South Sudan for sending troops into Heglig this month and bringing the two countries to the brink of war. But South Sudan, which calls the area Pantho, said it considered the area part of the south.
In a videotaped message last week, President Obama urged a peaceful resolution the conflict and called on South Sudan to stop supporting insurgents, an accusation South Sudan has long denied.
But the Sudanese government spokesman, Rabie A. Atti, said fighting between the two militaries was not over. “We should have never given up the region of South Sudan.” The Permanent Court of Arbitration, an international organization, ruled in 2009 that Heglig was outside the borders of the contested area of Abyei that lies between Sudan and South Sudan, and thus belonged to the government in Khartoum.
“Since yesterday and today, they have been bombing,” the South Sudanese information minister, Barnaba Benjamin Marial, said Monday. “There has also been a ground attack on our positions and we have the right to react.”
Mr. Marial said causalities had been reported but that a figure could not yet be confirmed.
News agencies reported between one and three deaths as a result of the air attacks.
Sudan and South Sudan have been at loggerheads over how to share oil — largely found in South Sudanese territory but pumped northward through Sudan for export — since South Sudan broke away from Sudan last year.
Then, earlier this month, tensions exploded when South Sudan captured Heglig from Sudan.
Mr. Marial said Monday that South Sudan had completely withdrawn from the Heglig, and that the withdrawal was voluntary, but news reports along the border region suggested that Sudan’s bombardment may have forced South Sudan from the area.
On Monday, a satellite-imagery monitoring project published images it claims shows Sudanese jet fighters perched along the Sudan-South Sudan border, as well as evidence of looting by South Sudanese. It also said it showed evidence of the destruction of oil facilities in Heglig, which are said to provide Sudan with roughly half of its oil.
In a fiery speech last week, President Bashir claimed victory over South Sudan in Heglig, labeling southerners “insects.” In earlier speeches, Mr. Bashir spoke of “occupying” the South Sudanese capital of Juba and seeking to topple the South Sudanese government.
Mr. Bashir also said Sudan would not allow South Sudan to use Sudan’s oil pipelines to export oil.

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